2007-03-22

Educação Formal, Não-Formal e Informal


Diferentes formas de ensino são classificadas na literatura como: educação formal, educação não-formal e educação informal.

A educação formal pode ser resumida como aquela que está presente no ensino escolar institucionalizado, cronologicamente gradual e hierarquicamente estruturado, e a informal como aquela na qual qualquer pessoa adquire e acumula conhecimentos, através de experiência diária em casa, no trabalho e no lazer.

A educação não-formal, porém, define-se como qualquer tentativa educacional organizada e sistemática que, normalmente, se realiza fora dos quadros do sistema formal de ensino.
A educação formal tem objectivos claros e específicos e é representada principalmente pelas escolas e universidades. Ela depende de uma directriz educacional centralizada como o currículo, com estruturas hierárquicas e burocráticas, determinadas em nível nacional, com órgãos fiscalizadores dos ministérios da educação.

A educação não-formal é mais difusa, menos hierárquica e menos burocrática. Os programas de educação não-formal não precisam necessariamente seguir um sistema sequencial e hierárquico de “progressão”. Podem ter duração variável, e podem, ou não, conceder certificados de aprendizagem.

14 comentários:

Clara Coutinho disse...

Olá de novo! Também gostei deste vosso contributo que está muito sintéctico e simples mas super claro e fácil de compreender.
Gostei da imagem! Apenas vos sugiro que devem incluir no final de cada post os autores em que se basearam para redigir o vosso post. Está bem?
E links de interesse também podem deixar.. só valoriza o vosso trabalho.

Patrícia Santos disse...

Está claramente sucinto e de fácil leitura. É necessário fazer esta distinção entre a educação, uma vez que esta é muito mais que o ensino formal ditado pelo Ministério da Educação. Tudo o que nos surge na vida é uma experiência que nos faz crescer.
Também abordo esta temática no meu blog:
4 Pilares

diandrinha disse...

oi pretendo referenciala em meu tcc poderia me passar a referncia de seu artigo é excelente esta de parabens aguardo retorno

diandrinha disse...

se puder me enviar uma referencia deste artigo para meu email seria perfeito diandrinhap@gmail.com
valeu

rodrigo ramos disse...

poderiam mandar a bibliografia consultada para o meu email

r_gabrielonline@yahoo.com.br

quero aprofundar esse assunto para minha pesquisa

obrigado

Anónimo disse...

Este assunto sobre Educação formal, informal e não-formal deixa confusão em alguns estudantes que infelizmente pensam que só existe a educação formal e a informal isto porque segundo eles, que educação informal e não-formal são uma e a mesma coisa. Esta explicação fecha o assunto e vai poder ajudar pelo mesmos aqueles que usam a net para aprender.

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